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Author Topic:   Evolution Requires Reduction in Genetic Diversity
PaulK
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Posts: 13313
Joined: 01-10-2003
Member Rating: 2.0


(1)
Message 1021 of 1034 (770145)
09-30-2015 8:24 AM
Reply to: Message 1020 by Faith
09-30-2015 3:56 AM


Re: Moderator Clarifications Provided and Requested
quote:

Sorry, I've made my case that they are essentially the same in their operations and effects and that's all there is to say in the teeth of your incomprehension.

The only thing we don't understand is why you expect us to agree with you when you are obviously wrong.

quote:

Most discussions of genetic drift assume this sort of intrapopulation isolation is possible and occurs. It's strictly the result in that case of random selection of mates, without any particular explanation.

No. They do not. They assume that reproductive isolation is possible but not that drift will cause it within a breeding population as you claim. If you want to assert otherwise, then give an example. Not a link to a Google search (a tactic which seems designed to obfuscate the issue) but a link to an actual mainstream discussion of genetic drift that actually supports the idea.

quote:

BUT AFTER WRITING MOST OF THIS POST I REALIZED YOU AND PAULK MUST BE THINKING OF SOME KIND OF PHYSICAL ISOLATION SUCH AS GEOGRAPHIC ISOLATION, BUT I'M TALKING ABOUT REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION. So I went back through the post and noted that where it seemed to be appropriate.

That is not a realisation, it is a fantasy as is quite obvious. Asking after the cause of the isolation is not assuming a particular cause. And in the quote immediately following Percy makes it clear that he is not considering geographic isolation - he is asking about co-resident populations.

quote:

So the upshot is that a subpopulation is being created of the favored alleles any way you look at it, the subpopulation of favored traits/alleles growing in number within the overall population, the unadapted traits/alleles diminishing in number.

What's interesting is that this "upshot" is what I expect to happen - as I said. Agreeing with me - and omitting the point of disagreement - hardly demonstrates that I am wrong.

And, as I pointed out while you can identify a subpopulation in the case of selection you can't even do that in the case of drift.

quote:

Funny then that descriptions of genetic drift imply the development of a new subpopulation by random selection, meaning a collection of traits that sets it apart from the main population.

The only funny thing about it is that you think that it supports your position. The fact that drift will cause reproductively isolated populations to diverge does not mean that drift will cause reproductive isolation within an interbreeding population.

Again, if you disagree show us an actual discussion which says that drift is expected to produce reproductive isolation within a breeding population.

quote:

Remember we're talking about REPRODUCTIVE ISOLATION, not geographic isolation or any other kind of isolation. Sexual selection can isolate individuals and create a subpopulation within a population. In fact the more I think about it the more it seems this must be how such an adaptive subpopulation would form.

Again, we are not disputing that there are circumstances where you could get reproductive isolation within a breeding population. We're arguIng that that is not the normal or expected consequence of selection or drift. it needs particular circumstances, which are not going to be that common.

quote:

PaulK brought up the subject of genetic drift and natural selection and I gave my view of it in response, I have no other reason to continue it. I haven't changed my view, I've had it for years so I'm not going to drop it beyond not pursuing it after this post unless somebody else keeps it alive.

In fact I was responding to your claim that population genetics "doesn't do that". And if you can't see that selection and drift are the major mechanisms of change within population genetics then that is your problem. So, strictly speaking, you brought it up - I was pointing out your errors.

And I have to say that I don't expect you to start caring about the truth any time soon. a pity. You aren't stupid. But you waste your intelligence by not bothering to employ it to understand what you are talking about or to produce good arguments.


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1020 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 3:56 AM Faith has not yet responded

    
Admin
Director
Posts: 12535
From: EvC Forum
Joined: 06-14-2002
Member Rating: 1.9


Message 1022 of 1034 (770148)
09-30-2015 8:39 AM
Reply to: Message 1020 by Faith
09-30-2015 3:56 AM


Re: Moderator Clarifications Provided and Requested
Faith writes:

Admin writes:

These claims that natural selection and genetic drift can cause isolation within a parent population seem like a digression from the main topic. I think it would help the discussion if you could either drop these claims, or make clear how they bear on the main topic. Please help the discussion along by doing one or the other.

PaulK brought up the subject of genetic drift and natural selection and I gave my view of it in response, I have no other reason to continue it. I haven't changed my view, I've had it for years so I'm not going to drop it beyond not pursuing it after this post unless somebody else keeps it alive.

What you're talking about actually has a name: sympatric speciation. The link is to the Widipedia article. If you read it you'll find that plausible mechanisms remain elusive, and that it is not a common consequence of genetic drift and natural selection (you've been arguing the opposite and are clearly wrong). According to Wikipedia:

quote:
In multicellular eukaryotic organisms, sympatric speciation is thought to be an uncommon but plausible process by which genetic divergence (through reproductive isolation) of various populations from a single parent species and inhabiting the same geographic region leads to the creation of new species.

If you believe this form of speciation is necessary to arguing your position then please explain how. Otherwise please drop it.


--Percy
EvC Forum Director

This message is a reply to:
 Message 1020 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 3:56 AM Faith has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1024 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 12:51 PM Admin has responded

    
RAZD
Member
Posts: 19234
From: the other end of the sidewalk
Joined: 03-14-2004
Member Rating: 2.5


(2)
Message 1023 of 1034 (770149)
09-30-2015 8:44 AM
Reply to: Message 1020 by Faith
09-30-2015 3:56 AM


Except that they aren't ...
Faith writes:
I know that and my point was that it makes no difference to the basic pattern. The mechanisms and results are the same no matter what the cause of the reproductive isolation.

This is just self-evidently wrong. You're declaring that the mechanisms of physical population splits, natural selection and genetic drift are the same, despite that they're completely different mechanisms.

Sorry, I've made my case that they are essentially the same in their operations and effects and that's all there is to say in the teeth of your incomprehension.

They are only "essentially the same" if you ignore the differences. (where have I seen this before ... ?)

And you're also declaring the results the same, despite that the results of these mechanisms differ, particularly natural selection which produces adaptation, something the other mechanisms do not.

Yes the results in terms of new gene frequencies bringing out new phenotypes along with reduced genetic diversity occur in all these cases. These are the cases I'm calling "active evolution" where the evolutionary changes are clearly happening, which is not clearly the case in large stable populations or situations where gene flow persists or resumes.

All evolution is "active" whether it is "clearly happening" or not. Evolution to maintain stassis is a very active form of evolution to maintain the level of fitness in a stable environment that has developed over many generations. Gene flow is also evidence of active evolution.

Every time there are offspring there is evolution actively adding mutations to the population genome.

Every time there is mating there is evolution actively selecting the phenotypes that are successful surviving to breed, actively modifying the phenome of the population to fit the ecology.

When you say that the effects of natural selection, population splits and genetic drift are the same you are just plain wrong.

Natural selection actively sorts the population for phenotypes that survive to breed successfully in every generation.

Population splits may divide the population evenly or not evenly, it may result in some differences in allele frequencies and it may not. The split may occur because some phenotypes have evolved a trait beneficial in a different ecology that they can now use, but the parent population is not well suited for (black pocket mice), but that is a form of natural selection taking advantage of opportunities.

Genetic drift occurs to breeding populations, and it happens when traits are eliminated from the population with no selection of the individuals for fitness to the ecology. It can even eliminate beneficial traits.

Also, population splits do lead to adaptations, as I've often argued here. ...

Except when it doesn't, as you have often been told. The new adaptations that do occur would be due to mutation and selection in a different ecology with different selection pressure.

... I don't accept Darwin's understanding of the adaptations of the different finch beaks for instance, I believe the beak came first, through new gene frequencies brought about by a population split, probably a migration of a subpopulation to a new territory, and the beak found a food suited to it and that's how the adaptation occurred. ...

Except the evidence shows that you are wrong. A change in beak size was (gosh) actually observed by Peter and Rosemary Grant in response to climate change on one island -- it got dryer, seeds got harder, beaks became bigger, it got wetter, seeds got softer, beaks became smaller.

So I suppose you will argue that the beak size change came first and that this caused the climate changes to accommodate the new beaks?

In some cases pre-adaptation can occur, such as the black pocket mice, when individuals benefit from a new trait that allows them to survive and breed in a new ecology, but is by no means the normal path of evolution.

It is pointless discussing your fantasy further because it is based on false perceptions like these. Fix the errors first then we can look at the rest.

You can't pretend that the situations of a founding event apply to all breeding population with nothing but your biased\underinformed imagination. It isn't a new paradigm fighting for acceptance because you don't have evidence for it and ignore evidence contrary to it.

Enjoy.

Edited by RAZD, : clrty

Edited by RAZD, : mo


we are limited in our ability to understand
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RebelAmerican☆Zen☯Deist
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This message is a reply to:
 Message 1020 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 3:56 AM Faith has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1025 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 12:52 PM RAZD has responded
 Message 1032 by NoNukes, posted 10-21-2015 10:38 PM RAZD has acknowledged this reply
 Message 1033 by NoNukes, posted 10-21-2015 11:44 PM RAZD has responded

  
Faith
Member
Posts: 26620
From: Nevada, USA
Joined: 10-06-2001
Member Rating: 1.1


Message 1024 of 1034 (770159)
09-30-2015 12:51 PM
Reply to: Message 1022 by Admin
09-30-2015 8:39 AM


Re: Moderator Clarifications Provided and Requested
It's not speciation until it leads to speciation and that has not been part of my argument. And I'm very familiar with that Wikipedia article. I think it's about time to leave. We'll see.
This message is a reply to:
 Message 1022 by Admin, posted 09-30-2015 8:39 AM Admin has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1026 by Admin, posted 09-30-2015 1:15 PM Faith has not yet responded

    
Faith
Member
Posts: 26620
From: Nevada, USA
Joined: 10-06-2001
Member Rating: 1.1


Message 1025 of 1034 (770160)
09-30-2015 12:52 PM
Reply to: Message 1023 by RAZD
09-30-2015 8:44 AM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
The effects, as I clearly described them, are the same in all three cases.

'Bye.


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1023 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 8:44 AM RAZD has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1027 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 9:42 PM Faith has not yet responded

    
Admin
Director
Posts: 12535
From: EvC Forum
Joined: 06-14-2002
Member Rating: 1.9


Message 1026 of 1034 (770162)
09-30-2015 1:15 PM
Reply to: Message 1024 by Faith
09-30-2015 12:51 PM


Faith Suspended from This Thread
Faith writes:

It's not speciation until it leads to speciation...

You said it would lead to a subpopulation that was reproductively isolated from the parent population though co-located with it. Inability of a subpopulation to interbreed with the parent population is part of the definition of speciation for sexual species, so you're still trying to redefine speciation. I've already ruled against inventing new definitions for existing terminology.

Responding to your next message:

Faith in Message 1025 writes:

The effects, as I clearly described them, are the same in all three cases.

This is a bald declaration without any support, while the rebuttals clearly explained why you were wrong.

I think it's about time to leave.

I asked you to stop threatening to leave, yet you have kept doing it, though veiling it somewhat. The reason you shouldn't do this is because it brings discussion to a halt, and then you don't leave, causing a fitful and disconnected restart of the discussion. I will shortly be suspending your right to post in this thread.


--Percy
EvC Forum Director

This message is a reply to:
 Message 1024 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 12:51 PM Faith has not yet responded

    
RAZD
Member
Posts: 19234
From: the other end of the sidewalk
Joined: 03-14-2004
Member Rating: 2.5


Message 1027 of 1034 (770173)
09-30-2015 9:42 PM
Reply to: Message 1025 by Faith
09-30-2015 12:52 PM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
The effects, as I clearly described them, are the same in all three cases.

Let me fix that for you:

The effects, as science clearly describes them, are different in all three cases.

As has been clearly documented ...

bye

Take your time off to review the evidence and the facts around it.

Enjoy


we are limited in our ability to understand
by our ability to understand
RebelAmerican☆Zen☯Deist
... to learn ... to think ... to live ... to laugh ...
to share.


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This message is a reply to:
 Message 1025 by Faith, posted 09-30-2015 12:52 PM Faith has not yet responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1028 by Coyote, posted 09-30-2015 10:11 PM RAZD has responded

  
Coyote
Member
Posts: 6030
Joined: 01-12-2008
Member Rating: 2.4


Message 1028 of 1034 (770174)
09-30-2015 10:11 PM
Reply to: Message 1027 by RAZD
09-30-2015 9:42 PM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
These are the kind of arguments you might expect when belief dominates evidence.

That's why, with hard core creationists, it is a waste of time explaining evidence, scientific method, theory and all the rest. It is water off the duck's back. It just has no effect. RADZ has explained a number of things in great detail, all of which did no good, except hopefully helped educate some lurkers.

Hard core creationists, on the other hand, will ignore, obfuscate, twist, misrepresent and otherwise abuse the evidence so that it conforms to their beliefs, and then claim that they are doing science. "We use the same facts, just different interpretations" and "Its just a theory" are two of the nonsense phrases we sometimes hear.

What a waste of my time, that could have been spent on more productive things, like dusting my dental floss collection.


Religious belief does not constitute scientific evidence, nor does it convey scientific knowledge.

Belief gets in the way of learning--Robert A. Heinlein

How can I possibly put a new idea into your heads, if I do not first remove your delusions?--Robert A. Heinlein

It's not what we don't know that hurts, it's what we know that ain't so--Will Rogers

If I am entitled to something, someone else is obliged to pay--Jerry Pournelle

If a religion's teachings are true, then it should have nothing to fear from science...--dwise1

"Multiculturalism" demands that the US be tolerant of everything except its own past, culture, traditions, and identity.


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1027 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 9:42 PM RAZD has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1029 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 11:08 PM Coyote has responded

  
RAZD
Member
Posts: 19234
From: the other end of the sidewalk
Joined: 03-14-2004
Member Rating: 2.5


Message 1029 of 1034 (770175)
09-30-2015 11:08 PM
Reply to: Message 1028 by Coyote
09-30-2015 10:11 PM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
These are the kind of arguments you might expect when belief dominates evidence.

Indeed. But a simple test of the claim is that if the three systems are "essentially the same" then why are there three systems defined and described instead of one.

Enjoy


we are limited in our ability to understand
by our ability to understand
RebelAmerican☆Zen☯Deist
... to learn ... to think ... to live ... to laugh ...
to share.


Join the effort to solve medical problems, AIDS/HIV, Cancer and more with Team EvC! (click)

This message is a reply to:
 Message 1028 by Coyote, posted 09-30-2015 10:11 PM Coyote has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1030 by Coyote, posted 10-01-2015 12:36 AM RAZD has responded

  
Coyote
Member
Posts: 6030
Joined: 01-12-2008
Member Rating: 2.4


Message 1030 of 1034 (770182)
10-01-2015 12:36 AM
Reply to: Message 1029 by RAZD
09-30-2015 11:08 PM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
These are the kind of arguments you might expect when belief dominates evidence.

Indeed. But a simple test of the claim is that if the three systems are "essentially the same" then why are there three systems defined and described instead of one.


There you go, using evidence again.

You know that's not going to work. Surely you've learned that by now!


Religious belief does not constitute scientific evidence, nor does it convey scientific knowledge.

Belief gets in the way of learning--Robert A. Heinlein

How can I possibly put a new idea into your heads, if I do not first remove your delusions?--Robert A. Heinlein

It's not what we don't know that hurts, it's what we know that ain't so--Will Rogers

If I am entitled to something, someone else is obliged to pay--Jerry Pournelle

If a religion's teachings are true, then it should have nothing to fear from science...--dwise1

"Multiculturalism" demands that the US be tolerant of everything except its own past, culture, traditions, and identity.


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1029 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 11:08 PM RAZD has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1031 by RAZD, posted 10-01-2015 10:03 AM Coyote has acknowledged this reply

  
RAZD
Member
Posts: 19234
From: the other end of the sidewalk
Joined: 03-14-2004
Member Rating: 2.5


Message 1031 of 1034 (770210)
10-01-2015 10:03 AM
Reply to: Message 1030 by Coyote
10-01-2015 12:36 AM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
There you go, using evidence again.

Yep thet evi-dunce is the work of the devil

You know that's not going to work. ...

Ya can't fool a TVUE believer

... Surely you've learned that by now!

Don't call me Shirley


we are limited in our ability to understand
by our ability to understand
RebelAmerican☆Zen☯Deist
... to learn ... to think ... to live ... to laugh ...
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This message is a reply to:
 Message 1030 by Coyote, posted 10-01-2015 12:36 AM Coyote has acknowledged this reply

  
NoNukes
Member
Posts: 10071
From: Central NC USA
Joined: 08-13-2010
Member Rating: 1.9


Message 1032 of 1034 (771189)
10-21-2015 10:38 PM
Reply to: Message 1023 by RAZD
09-30-2015 8:44 AM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
I was wrong. Bad stuff deleted

Edited by NoNukes, : No reason given.

Edited by NoNukes, : No reason given.

Edited by NoNukes, : No reason given.


Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also in prison. Thoreau: Civil Disobedience (1846)

History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people. Martin Luther King

If there are no stupid questions, then what kind of questions do stupid people ask? Do they get smart just in time to ask questions? Scott Adams


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1023 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 8:44 AM RAZD has acknowledged this reply

    
NoNukes
Member
Posts: 10071
From: Central NC USA
Joined: 08-13-2010
Member Rating: 1.9


Message 1033 of 1034 (771190)
10-21-2015 11:44 PM
Reply to: Message 1023 by RAZD
09-30-2015 8:44 AM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
In some cases pre-adaptation can occur, such as the black pocket mice, when individuals benefit from a new trait that allows them to survive and breed in a new ecology, but is by no means the normal path of evolution.

Isn't this the more normal case? Species really are not homogeneous, so at any time there are always variants. A change in ecology can produce new natural selection winners and losers. Doesn't that explain at least some of the correlation between birds with big beaks and the appearance of tough nuts to crack?


Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also in prison. Thoreau: Civil Disobedience (1846)

History will have to record that the greatest tragedy of this period of social transition was not the strident clamor of the bad people, but the appalling silence of the good people. Martin Luther King

If there are no stupid questions, then what kind of questions do stupid people ask? Do they get smart just in time to ask questions? Scott Adams


This message is a reply to:
 Message 1023 by RAZD, posted 09-30-2015 8:44 AM RAZD has responded

Replies to this message:
 Message 1034 by RAZD, posted 10-22-2015 5:04 PM NoNukes has acknowledged this reply

    
RAZD
Member
Posts: 19234
From: the other end of the sidewalk
Joined: 03-14-2004
Member Rating: 2.5


Message 1034 of 1034 (771242)
10-22-2015 5:04 PM
Reply to: Message 1033 by NoNukes
10-21-2015 11:44 PM


Re: Except that they aren't ...
Isn't this the more normal case? Species really are not homogeneous, so at any time there are always variants. A change in ecology can produce new natural selection winners and losers. Doesn't that explain at least some of the correlation between birds with big beaks and the appearance of tough nuts to crack?

The key to pre-adaptation is that it occurs before the ecological change that makes it beneficial -- black mice, black pepper moths, etc -- so that selection just shifts the frequencies of alleles in the populations towards the beneficial traits and away from the least beneficial traits.

Post-adaptation would be the additional changes that continue the adaptation process beyond what was available in the initial population.

Do the largest beaks in the population survive and breed more than other sizes, and then does the following generations have even larger beaks that improve survival and breeding -- does the trait distribution move outside the original distribution.

Again we can look at Pelycodus:

quote:

Evolution of Pelycodus
an early Eocene Primate from Big Horn Basin, Wyoming

The chart documents the evolution of the Eocene lemur-like primate Pelycodus into Notharctus. The horizontal scale is an index of molar tooth size. Each horizontal bar gives the mean (vertical bar), two standard deviations (thick horizontal bar) and range (thin horizontal bar) for the indicated number of skulls from a series of fossil deposits. The index increase from 1.0 to 1.4 is an approximate doubling in size. The inset photograph shows a reconstruction of Notharctus venticolis, the species in the upper right of the series. [diagram after Gingerich]


Each layer shows the population distribution of sizes and the trend is for larger and larger individuals until with P.Jarrovii ALL the individuals are larger than the original P.ralstoni individuals ... this adaptation is the rule imho, although you could argue that each layer had members that were pre-adapted to be selected for their larger size, that is really just the natural selection of the available variations, and it is the long term trend that is the overall evolution.

In my opinion.

Enjoy.


we are limited in our ability to understand
by our ability to understand
RebelAmerican☆Zen☯Deist
... to learn ... to think ... to live ... to laugh ...
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