"James A. Shapiro is a Professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology at the University of Chicago. He received a B.A. in English Literature from Harvard University in 1964 and a Ph.D. in Genetics from Cambridge University in 1968.
Dr. Shapiro's current research focuses on what he calls 'Natural Genetic Engineering': coordinated responses of groups of bacterial cells to new conditions and certain physiological stresses. He is particularly interested in the connection between regulatory networks and natural genetic engineering systems that reorganize DNA molecules."
------------------ Model of an Internal Evolutionary Mechanism (based on an extension to homeostasis) linking Stationary-Phase Mutations to The Baldwin Effect: http://members.aol.com/jorolat/TEM.html
Could be interesting if he "hits" on to Helmhotlz's notion of testing Maxwell's closed current curves beyond the simple 1881 list; not closed. I know non-linear studies can but this is too general to be of use to biology without particular hypotheses involved. I often wonder how much of the open/closed systems'' discussion this subverts unrealistically???
My newsiest idea on this score is that GIS support would need to include a facility that enables one to ADD points for the viruses/bacteria/PROTOzoans and SUBTRACT for the protoZOANS/Mildbodies/Vertebrates (within whatever (mole bio/ cell bio/ organismic environment that is not how but WHY |it| was "opened")
or Ahh would it have been rather expected for me to explain why I continue to post here and not @iscid? Sid is not a wide body--laugh-