quote: Percy, I have honestly tried decipher your logic. If I am correct, you are trying to place the cart before the horse.
My point is that there must be a desired outcome prior to testing an outcome. Consider the following relation….
Singular Probability = Desired outcome/possible outcomes
Can you explain how this is relevant when the point under discussion is identifying the correct "desired outcome" to use ? (I also note that we have no basis for saying that there was a genuinely "desired outcome" prior to the actual event - of necessity we are identifying the outcomes of interest after the fact).
quote: I cannot deny the context of the used quotation because I do not have the actual material to form an objection to its use. That doesn’t stop me from having reservations about the enormous number cited for alternate functional cytochrome C.
I don't see any valid reason to have reservations.
quote: For instance this number is not only higher that the total number of atoms in the universe
Why should this be a problem ? We are talking about the number of possible configurations, not actually realised configurations. A sequence of 1,000 bits has 10^300 possible combinations. Does that pose any difficulty to tossing a coin 1,000 times ?
quote: it also exceeds Borel’s limit (10^50) which basically sets a limit on the total number of chemical reactions that could have taken place since the Big Bang
And how is that relevant ?
quote: . So I am pointing out that since the possible number of chemical reactions in the universe was exceeded by 45 orders of magnitude there could never be 2.3 x 10^93 configurations. I simply need to read the citation.
Obviously you don't even understand what the figure actually refers to. This objection is sheer nonsense.
Did anyone else notice that the calculation in the OP was horribly wrong ? 17 ^ 124 isn't anywhere near 10 ^ 552 - and anyone who does even a rough check can easily see that. (100 ^ 124 is "only" 10 ^ 248 !)
The correct figure is of the order of 10 ^ 152, a difference of 400 orders of magnitude.