Why flood geology doesn't work, oil exploration as the example
Hi Coragyps, I'm game, but a word of caution here. Classes in things like coastal depositional environments, or fluvial or deltaic systems are taught in a university at the graduate level. Which means we would be talking to degreed geologists with a background in geology, math, physics and chemistry.
I am willing to cover your back and can provide actual examples of oil and gas prospects I have drilled over the years. I do not know if the average person will understand them. All I can do here is try.
Understand that for close to 30 years I have used my knowledge of petroleum geology to earn an income which kept me in the upper 2% of U.S. income earners with some occasional good years where I made it into the upper 1%.
What I do works! What Faith and other YECs do is a joke, and doesn't work.
Here is my resume just so you will know who is covering your back. BTW I got those college grades while working to support myself full time and also going to school full time Not much time for sleep... I once stayed awake from 5 AM Saturday till 7 PM Friday, it was a finals week in spring of '77.
Resume of Martin P. Granica P.O. Box 247, 21 Neosha Trail, Boulder, Wyoming 82923 email@example.com 307-removed cell number
Aspen Brook Logging Inc. 12/2000-Present C.A. Bohling, P.O. Box 17928, Golden, CO 80402
Senior Geologist and Log Analyst. Provided geologic wellsite consulting services primarily for Encana Oil & Gas Inc. on the Jonah Field, Wy. with occasional small projects in the Wind River and Williston Basins through Aspen Brook Logging. (At present all of my consulting is through Aspen Brook Logging Inc. with Apex Exploration only generating and drilling its own prospects in the Texas- Oklahoma Panhandles.) At present consulting for RPM Geologic, Denver, Co.
Apex Exploration Inc. 4/85-Present President and Chief Operating Officer. Through my company Apex, I provide consulting services to the oil and gas industry in qualitative and quantitative well log analysis for exploration, formation evaluation, completion design, and reserve calculations, subsurface mapping, geologic wellsite supervision including sample and gas logging, DSTs and coring, prospect generation, land and 3rd party prospect evaluation, and the interpretation of depositional environments and Sequence Stratigraphy through extensive study of subsurface data (cores, thin sections, dipmeters and Formation Micro-imaging tools, recent and old well logs, seismic and drilling samples). Apex also generates and drills (doing everything from prospect to pipeline) its own oil and gas prospects in the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles and S.E. Colorado.
Some longer term projects:
2000-2012 Well site Geologic consulting for Encana Oil and Gas Inc. (USA), Denver, Co. in the Jonah Gas Field, Wyoming. Responsible for logging drill cuttings, make sample and gas logs for 8 drilling wells which I monitored simultaneously and remotely to evaluate probable reservoir productivity and pick a final TD for the well based on my findings. This resulted in Encana, over the years, from TD’ing in the Yellow Point to drilling all of the Wardell and then the entire Mesa Verde, as sample and gas shows showed these older formations would be productive and economical as well. Maintenance and repair of all equipment for accurate collection of data was an additional responsibility.
1998-2000 Geologic consulting for Goodson & Assoc., Lakewood, CO On site drilling, ASTM Engineering Soil Descriptions and installation of monitoring wells for various State and Federal Environmental and DOT projects (T-Rex project to widen I25 and put in light rail). This work required me to be recognized as a Professional Geologist by the State of Colorado.
1996-1997 Consulting for Thrace Basin Natural Gas, Hayrabolu, Turkey Bought/refurbished and moved a rig from Farmington, NM to Turkey. Geologic and log analysis consulting, completion design and treatment, well testing, along with buying all types of oil field equipment and completion chemicals and designing the septic tank and leach field for waste disposal at the permanent field camp in Turkey.
1995-1996 Consulting for StrataSearch Corp., Golden, CO Run Time Domain Electromagnetic Surveys in Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Wyoming and North Dakota. Field operations which included layout and surveying of transmitter and receiver stations along with maintenance of all equipment along with occasional fabrication of some interfacing parts.
August/ September 1986, Lectured and Consulted in the Peoples Republic Of China Invited to lecture at the Daquing Petroleum Institute on the use and application of dipmeter logs in exploration and developmental drilling. In addition to the videotaped lectures I also provided consulting services on a number of log analysis projects for the Daquing Field.
Apex has provided consulting services to Encana Oil & Gas, Champlin Petroleum (UPRC), Avalon Energy, New London Oil, Caribou Energy, Beverly Exploration, Perry Exploration, Tunoil, Yellowstone Resources, Berry Energy, Murfin Drilling, Petrogulf Corp., Pantano Energy, Jayare Exploration, W.C. Payne Inc., Lario Oil & Gas Inc., Delta Petroleum, Marathon, Thrace Basin Natural Gas Inc., StrataSearch Corp., Goodson & Assoc., and the Peoples Republic of China.
Apex has completed drilling (farmout) agreements with Amoco Production Company, Phillips Petroleum Co., Exxon Corp., City Services- Oxy, BST Inc., Kaiser Francis, Questa, Ampet Inc., Jayare Exploration and Champlin (UPRC) Petroleum and drilled its own prospects on open acreage.
Since late 2000 Apex no longer does consulting but only generates and drills its own prospects in the Texas- Oklahoma Panhandles and Eastern Colorado.
Phillips Petroleum Company 5/80-4/85 Frank Phillips Bldg., Bartlesville, Ok. 74004
Supervisor: Wallace W. Souder From 5/80- 12/80 employed as log analyst in the Formation Evaluation Unit of the Exploration Projects Section of Phillips Petroleum in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Responsibilities: 1. Log analysis for enhanced recovery of the North Burbank oil field, N.E. Oklahoma 2. Log analysis for exploration holes Cesar Basin, N.E. Colombia 3. Application of log analysis techniques to bore gravity data (Permian Basin) and geothermal exploration and production (Imperial Valley, Ca.) 4. Generation and testing of interactive log analysis programs for hand held calculators (HP-41 C) to be used by personal for “quick look” log interpretation in the field. 5. Represented Phillips Petroleum Company on Winnifred Lake Tar Sands Project ( Alberta, Canada) in meetings with Amoco, Alberta Energy, and Petro-Canada. The purpose of these meetings was to determine, using log and extensive core data, the proper log analysis techniques to evaluate tar sand reserves and the economic feasibility of the project based on recoverable reserves of these tar sands.
Phillips Petroleum Company Denver, Co.
Supervisor: Ronald Zdyb, Patrick Donham, Jerry Kreitner From 1/81-4/85 employed as exploration geologist Mid-continent, Panhandle Region of Texas and Oklahoma in the Denver office. Responsibilities: 1. Generation of oil and gas prospects in the Texas-Oklahoma Panhandles (Hugoton Deep Project). 2. Integration of geological and geophysical data for the application of seismic Stratigraphy to the search for Morrow sandstones. 3. Log analysis on all wells in the Mid-continent Region. 4. Determine if casing should be run and the intervals to be perforated and tested on holes drilled. 5. Geologic well site supervision, including sample and show analysis, open hole testing (DST’S) and quality control on logging runs.
During this time I was responsible for generating and getting drilled 32 exploration prospects of which 13 were successfully completed (40%) (see Appendix 1).
In May 1983, I received an Incentive Bonus Award from Phillips Petroleum in appreciation of my exploration success on the Hugoton Deep Project. This award was presented by Colin Wilkinson, Western Division Exploration Manager for Phillips.
Shortly after working for Philips Petroleum, in 1985, the Phillips Denver Office of Engineering calculated the annual average rate of return (AARR) on the wells I had drilled in the Texas- Oklahoma Panhandles (Hugoton Deep Project). This return was found to be 185% with an NTIR (Net Times Investment Return) of well over 25.
USGS, Branch of Oil and Gas Resources DFC, Bldg. 25, M.S.939 Lakewood, Colorado 80225
Supervisor: Thomas Fouch, Ronald C. Johnson Employed as a P.S.T., GS-7, Responsibilities included geologic mapping, measuring sections, drafting, well log correlation, construction of subsurface diagrams, qualitative and quantitative analysis of well logs, description of drilling samples, and collection of samples for thin sections, x-ray, and pollen analysis to determine reserves of gas in place. This work done on the Cretaceous and Tertiary rocks of the Piceance Creek Basin, N.W. Colorado as part of the Western Tight Gas Sands Project.
Employment prior to 12/77 was as an Electronics Technician repairing commercial two-way radio equipment and consumer electronics.
Professional Publications at U.S.G.S.:
USGS, three Misc. Field Studies, MF1130A, MF1130B, and MF1130C. “Cross Sections of the Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary Rocks, Piceance Creek Basin, Colorado” (A-A’, B-B’, C-C’), by Ronald C. Johnson, Martin P.Granica and Nancy C Dessenberger. 1979
USGS Misc. Field Studies MF1189 “Structure Contour and Isochore Map of the Nonmarine Part of the MesaVerde Formation Group, Piceance Creek Basin, Colorado”, by Martin P. Granica and Ronald C. Johnson. 1980
Education: 209 semester hours Total, with 146 hours in Geology/Geophysics, Chemistry, Physics, Electronics, Environmental Science, Computer Science, Petroleum Exploration Technology and Mathematics (course list Appendix 2)
University of Colorado at Boulder Graduated BA Geology, May 1980 Grade Point average 3.94
Community College of Denver, Red Rocks Campus Graduated AS Geology, August 1978 Grade Point average 3.87
Hilbert College, Hamburg, NY Graduated AA, Liberal Arts, May 1976 Grade point average 3.19 . Colorado School of Mines Completed 20.5 credit hours from 9/67-6/68
Brunton Award for “Outstanding Senior Student”, 79/80 by Dept of Geology, University of Colorado at Boulder 1980 Deans List, University of Colorado at Boulder Estwing Award for “Outstanding Junior Student”, 78/79, Dept of Geology, University of Colorado at Boulder Deans List, Red Rocks Community College Deans List, Hilbert College Named to “Who’s Who Among American Junior College Students” by Hilbert College, 1976
BTW I removed these because I didn't want EvC people bothering my friends
Appendix 1 Prospects generated and drilled while employed for Phillips Petroleum, all are in Texas County, Oklahoma, Sherman and Hansford Counties, Texas.
* Indicates a completed producing well
* Crimson #2 Craig D #2 * Gayle #3 * Beaman A #1 Maner #3 Marga #2 * Rowan A #1 Witter A #4 Bran #2 * Hogle #2 * Waugh #2 Collard #2A Hammond #2 * Hargrove #2 Shirk #2 * Coldwater B #1 Ivens M #2 Section #2 Bivins #2 * Reust # 2 Portsmouth #2 Craig G #2 * Kathryn A#2 Wanda #2 Witt D #2 * Hitch C #2 Topaz Krull #2 * Pearl #4 Harland #2 Heath #2 * Craig H #2
Prospects Generated and drilled since becoming Independent in April 1985, located in S.E. Colorado and the Texas and Oklahoma Panhandles.
* Mitchell 35-1 SE Coldwater * Renner 22-1 Price 31-1 Freeman 26-1 N. Texhoma 20-1 (marginal, P&A) * Craig 80-1 Flannigan 20-1 * Craig 80-2 Dupey 30-1 (marginal P&A) * Craig 80-3 Eli 3-29 Rowan A3 * Ramsey 1-7 * Coe Trust 1 * Schiemer 1 * Schiemer 2 Specific prospect history, completion information, well location, cumulative production and any additional information provided upon request.
Appendix 2 College Courses Completed
Course Semesters Semester Credit
General College Chemistry 2 8 College Physics 2 8 Calculus 3 12 Computer Science 1 4 Environmental Science 2 8 Engineering Graphics 1 1 Physical & Historical Geology 2 8 Mineralogy & Advanced Min. 2 9 Petrology 1 4 Structural Geology 1 5 Stratigraphy 1 4 Paleontology 1 4 Sedimentation* 1 4* Optical Mineralogy & Petrology* 1 4* Subsurface Geology* 1 4* Mechanics of Underground Fluids* 1 4* Geophysics* 2 7(4*) Petroleum Geology & Geochemistry* 1 4* Geomorphology 1 4* Geologic Well Log Analysis 1 3 Field Geology 2 6 Geol. Field Experience 1 2 Geological Map Drafting 1 6 Intro to Petroleum Industry 1 3 Electronics Eng. Technology 2 20 English 5 15 History 3 9 Philosophy 2 6 Anthropology 2 6 Sociology 1 3 Developmental Psychology 1 3 Spanish 3 13 German 1 5 ROTC 2 2 PE 2 1 TOTAL Science & Mathematics 146 TOTAL all course work 209 * Indicates graduate level course
Other Education: Spanish 80 private lessons Berlitz School of languages 1990
German 80 private lessons Berlitz School of languages 1990
Cleveland Institute of Electronics Correspondence Course, 1970, received FCC Second Class Commercial Radio Telephone License no P2-15-14413, required to maintain and repair 2 way commercial radio equipment and operate and maintain public radio and television transmitters.
Phillips Petroleum, 1980, in house, 1 week in each of the following: hydrodynamics, geophysics (seismic & gravity), remote sensing, geochemistry, depositional environments and taught part of the 1 week course in log analysis for new geologists. Phillips Petroleum Clastics Course, 2 weeks 1983 Phillips Petroleum Seismic Stratigraphy Course, 1 week 1984
Faith, Shortly after you posted I got a call to consult on 4 wells near Watford City, ND. 2 Bakken and 2 Three Forks lateral wells all being drilled to about 22,000 feet. I expect to be here till late April or early May. I've been here since Feb 18.
However I have given this some thought and after considering three or four different approaches I think I have come up with a way to approach it that I think may work to explain it to someone who knows nothing about geology.
I am a bit busy as I have to describe over 60,00 feet of rocks, make many decisions on the fly and write it all up along with numerous diagrams. It's kind of like writing a novel with numerous illustrations in 2 months.
BTW I think about you when I'm drilling through all the salt and anhydrite deposits up here in the Williston Basin........you can't make evaporates in a flood.
Salt diapirs make structural traps for oil and gas. Along the top they push the overlying rocks into an anticline in which oil accumulates because oil is lighter than water and rises up to the top of the anticline. Along the sides the diaper creates updipping strata which is sealed by the salt and so also traps oil and gas.
The deposition of the salt and the oil have nothing to do with each other, the salt movement later just creates the structural trap where oil and gas can accumulate.