Are undocumented residents (aliens) in the 50 states included in the apportionment population counts? Yes, all people (citizens and noncitizens) with a usual residence in the 50 states are to be included in the census and thus in the apportionment counts.
CA NY and NJ are the top three in percent foreign born. Texas is #7. I was thinking of the ante-bellum South that counted "all other persons" and jacked up their representation, despite the fact that those "persons" weren't allowed to vote. History repeats itself as tragedy, then as farce...
You must realize that having a sub-population that cannot vote could be a catalyst for social problems? It's almost as if the US had invaded Mexico and taken Sonora as a colony, restricting the voting rights of the inhabitants there who were descended from immigrants from Spain.
Consider as well the issue of a sub-population disenfranchised because of previous criminal records. Or the issue of "territories" and "possessions"
The blue states would lose more than the red states, since their population counts include non-voting aliens (both legal and illegal). For example, CA NY and NJ are the top three in percent foreign born. Texas is only number 7.
quote:Tijuana native Alma Martinez will cast her first-ever vote for a Mexican president this July, but from across the country's northern border, where she is among hundreds of thousands of co-nationals whose participation could be decisive in a close race.
Seven times as many Mexicans in the United States have received voting credentials under new rules that let citizens sign up at local consulates rather than in Mexico, compared with the last presidential election six years ago. ... Adrian Felix, a University of California Santa Cruz professor, said he expects more US votes to be cast than in previous elections. But he said the multi-step registration process, plus skepticism, could limit the increase among the estimated 12 million Mexicans living abroad.... https://www.csmonitor.com/...uld-tip-tight-presidential-race
And going the other way:
quote: Reports are that approximately one million Americans live in Mexico. While itâ€™s hard to verify that number, itâ€™s not hard to imagine that itâ€™s true. Some are working, of course, for U.S., Mexican, or other foreign corporations. Youâ€™ll find them in cities like Mexico City, Queretaro, and Monterrey.
And some live in Mexico just part-timeâ€¦spending winter months in vacation homes where the weather is always warm and the cervezas are always cold.
Many Americans in Mexico, however, have moved there to enjoy their retirement years. They live in Mexico full-time and enjoy better weather, a more relaxed lifestyle, and a host of other benefitsâ€”including affordable top-quality health care and a much lower overall cost of living. ... https://internationalliving.com/countries/mexico/one-million
Then you can surely see the problems of the current situation in places like California where some inhabitants are subject to the law but do not have the privilege of choosing the lawmakers and may, in fact, owe allegiance to a neighboring nation.