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Author Topic:   Coffee House Musing
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 92 of 286 (888904)
10-21-2021 8:50 PM
Reply to: Message 91 by Percy
10-21-2021 11:32 AM


Re: Planetary Defense
These solutions have a common problem: they require years of lead time.

Maybe decades depending on the size and speed of the object.

The PI method is going to require years also. It has to be built, but more importantly it has to be tested. How many tests? How many designs?

If we want something that will penetrate the furthest, then depleted uranium would be the material of choice. I would think that penetrators combined with explosives could send shockwaves at frequencies that would pulverize it to gravel or even sand sized grains.

There has to be multiple tests on many different types of objects, because right now we barely know anything about the structure of possible impactors.

Would the energy from a really big impactor be transferred to the atmosphere, even if it is pulverized to sand, but still hits the Earth? This is kind of the scenario in the novel Seven Eves by Neal Stephenson.

I hope this idea is given a fast track but I can't imagine any country or organization doing anything. We are making no effort to mitigate the tsunami of human caused disasters that are right here looming where we can see and touch them. The Earth's ecosystems are collapsing and we've had decades of warnings and humanity is plugging their ears.


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 91 by Percy, posted 10-21-2021 11:32 AM Percy has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 93 by Percy, posted 10-22-2021 7:43 AM Tanypteryx has taken no action
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Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(1)
Message 102 of 286 (888929)
10-24-2021 12:49 PM
Reply to: Message 101 by nwr
10-23-2021 6:17 PM


Re: Planetary Defense
So I exaggerated, but only a little.

Which part was exaggerated?


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 101 by nwr, posted 10-23-2021 6:17 PM nwr has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 103 by nwr, posted 10-24-2021 3:42 PM Tanypteryx has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(3)
Message 121 of 286 (889009)
10-29-2021 11:38 AM


That's not going to improve his inability to communicate.

What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(2)
Message 136 of 286 (889483)
11-29-2021 2:13 PM


Neutrinos Detected at Large Hadron Collider
For the First Time Ever, Physicists Detect Signs of Neutrinos at Large Hadron Collider

The detector is quite innovative and I think we will learn a whole lot more about neutrinos in the next 3 years.

quote:
In a paper published on November 24, 2021, in the journal Physical Review D, the researchers describe how they observed six neutrino interactions during a pilot run of a compact emulsion detector installed at the LHC in 2018.

“Prior to this project, no sign of neutrinos has ever been seen at a particle collider,” said co-author Jonathan Feng, UCI Distinguished Professor of physics & astronomy and co-leader of the FASER Collaboration. “This significant breakthrough is a step toward developing a deeper understanding of these elusive particles and the role they play in the universe.”


quote:
The pilot instrument was made up of lead and tungsten plates alternated with layers of emulsion. During particle collisions at the LHC, some of the neutrinos produced smash into nuclei in the dense metals, creating particles that travel through the emulsion layers and create marks that are visible following processing. These etchings provide clues about the energies of the particles, their flavors – tau, muon or electron – and whether they’re neutrinos or antineutrinos.

quote:
What makes FASERnu unique, he said, is that while other experiments have been able to distinguish between one or two kinds of neutrinos, it will be able to observe all three flavors plus their antineutrino counterparts. Casper said that there have only been about 10 observations of tau neutrinos in all of human history but that he expects his team will be able to double or triple that number over the next three years.

quote:
“Given the power of our new detector and its prime location at CERN, we expect to be able to record more than 10,000 neutrino interactions in the next run of the LHC, beginning in 2022,” said co-author David Casper, FASER project co-leader and associate professor of physics & astronomy at UCI. “We will detect the highest-energy neutrinos that have ever been produced from a human-made source.”

Reference: “First neutrino interaction candidates at the LHC” by Henso Abreu et al. (FASER Collaboration), 24 November 2021, Physical Review D.
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.104.L091101

I wonder if neutrinos will turn out to help us understand Dark Energy and Dark Matter. What would the Universe look like if we could figure out how to do neutrino astronomy?


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


Replies to this message:
 Message 137 by AZPaul3, posted 11-29-2021 8:58 PM Tanypteryx has replied

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(1)
Message 138 of 286 (889489)
11-29-2021 10:04 PM
Reply to: Message 137 by AZPaul3
11-29-2021 8:58 PM


Re: Neutrinos Detected at Large Hadron Collider
But I want images like we get with photons~

What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 137 by AZPaul3, posted 11-29-2021 8:58 PM AZPaul3 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 139 by AZPaul3, posted 11-29-2021 10:20 PM Tanypteryx has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(1)
Message 140 of 286 (889943)
12-16-2021 6:34 PM


Black Holes May be the Solution to a Couple Big Questions
This article is about a paper proposing a new hypothesis of the Universe that may explain dark matter and supermassive black holes.

Black Holes Could Be Dark Matter – And May Have Existed Since the Beginning of the Universe

quote:
How did supermassive black holes form? What is dark matter? In an alternative model for how the Universe came to be, as compared to the ‘textbook’ history of the Universe, a team of astronomers propose that both of these cosmic mysteries could be explained by so-called ‘primordial black holes’.

quote:
“Black holes of different sizes are still a mystery. We don’t understand how supermassive black holes could have grown so huge in the relatively short time available since the Universe existed,” explains Günther Hasinger.

At the other end of the scale, there might also be very small black holes, as suggested by observations from ESA’s Gaia, for example. If they exist, they are too small to have formed from dying stars.


quote:
If most of the black holes formed immediately after the Big Bang, they could have started merging in the early Universe, forming more and more massive black holes over time. ESA’s future gravitational wave space observatory, LISA, might pick up the signals of those mergers if primordial black holes exist. Small black holes might simply be the primordial black holes that have not merged into larger ones yet.

According to this model, the Universe would be filled with black holes all over. Stars would start to form around these clumps of ‘dark matter’, creating solar systems and galaxies over billions of years. If the first stars indeed formed around primordial black holes, they would exist earlier in the Universe than is expected by the ‘standard’ model.


Reference: “Exploring the high-redshift PBH-ΛCDM Universe: early black hole seeding, the first stars and cosmic radiation backgrounds” by N. Cappelluti, G. Hasinger and P. Natarajan, Accepted, The Astrophysical Journal.
arXiv:2109.08701

Several upcoming space based observatories, including the Webb Space Telescope launching in a few days will be able to test predictions of this new hypothesis. Exciting times in physics coming up, I hope I get to see it.


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 143 of 286 (890110)
12-25-2021 9:47 AM
Reply to: Message 141 by AZPaul3
12-25-2021 8:35 AM


Re: JWST Launch Success
During the unfolding and tests there are over 340 single points of failure that still need to be passed.

Watching the success of recent Mars rover missions makes me very optimistic, but I remember the terrible disappointment when the first light of Hubble showed terribly blurred images and we all realized something was wrong.

The successes of NASA are just about the only thing that gives me hope for humanity's future.

Merry Christmas!


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 141 by AZPaul3, posted 12-25-2021 8:35 AM AZPaul3 has taken no action

Replies to this message:
 Message 144 by dwise1, posted 12-25-2021 11:10 AM Tanypteryx has replied

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 145 of 286 (890228)
12-29-2021 7:42 PM
Reply to: Message 144 by dwise1
12-25-2021 11:10 AM


Re: JWST Launch Success
Everything is functioning well so far in activating this incredible product of human ingenuity. There are some amazing robotics on the JWST.

They probably planned for this, but why couldn't they have designed-in ports so advanced robotic spacecraft in the future could service it, add fuel, etc.?


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 144 by dwise1, posted 12-25-2021 11:10 AM dwise1 has taken no action

Replies to this message:
 Message 146 by AZPaul3, posted 12-29-2021 8:40 PM Tanypteryx has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 150 of 286 (890375)
01-04-2022 6:03 PM


LISA - Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
LISA is a space-based gravitational wave observatory

Man, I hope I live to see this thing work!


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(3)
Message 153 of 286 (890387)
01-05-2022 2:00 PM
Reply to: Message 151 by AZPaul3
01-05-2022 9:01 AM


Re: JWST Update
Secondary mirror positioning today.

I am interested to see if the Webb images will be as visually stunning as so many Hubble images. Hubble can point in almost any direction except close to the sun. Webb is a lot more limited because it has to maintain sun-shielding at all points in its orbit around L2, but Holy Crap, the light sensitivity and the resolution increase by orders of magnitude!!!

This is the most exciting joint human achievement, maybe in my lifetime!

We are going to see lots and lots and LOTS of things and events that have never been imaged before!

We are going to confirm or rejects thousands of hypotheses in astrophysics and cosmology!

ABE: Secondary mirror deployment successfully completed today.

Edited by Tanypteryx, : No reason given.


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 151 by AZPaul3, posted 01-05-2022 9:01 AM AZPaul3 has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 156 of 286 (891245)
01-22-2022 12:49 PM


JWST final course corrections 1/24/22
The JWST will enter a stable orbit at L2 on Monday! It sounds like it will still be several months before we see the first images.

Any guesses what they will shoot first?


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


Replies to this message:
 Message 157 by Percy, posted 01-22-2022 1:38 PM Tanypteryx has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(4)
Message 161 of 286 (891316)
01-24-2022 7:58 PM
Reply to: Message 160 by AZPaul3
01-23-2022 10:50 AM


Re: JWST final course corrections 1/24/22
Stable orbit at L2 achieved!!

What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 160 by AZPaul3, posted 01-23-2022 10:50 AM AZPaul3 has taken no action

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 164 of 286 (891335)
01-25-2022 8:28 PM
Reply to: Message 163 by AZPaul3
01-25-2022 8:25 PM


Five freaking months though!

What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 163 by AZPaul3, posted 01-25-2022 8:25 PM AZPaul3 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 165 by AZPaul3, posted 01-25-2022 8:29 PM Tanypteryx has replied

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


(2)
Message 166 of 286 (891337)
01-25-2022 8:37 PM
Reply to: Message 165 by AZPaul3
01-25-2022 8:29 PM


Plus 5 freaking months!

What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 165 by AZPaul3, posted 01-25-2022 8:29 PM AZPaul3 has replied

Replies to this message:
 Message 167 by AZPaul3, posted 01-25-2022 10:46 PM Tanypteryx has replied

  
Tanypteryx
Member
Posts: 3349
From: Oregon, USA
Joined: 08-27-2006
Member Rating: 3.6


Message 168 of 286 (891341)
01-26-2022 12:36 AM
Reply to: Message 167 by AZPaul3
01-25-2022 10:46 PM


These are the good old days.

Truth!


What if Eleanor Roosevelt had wings? -- Monty Python

One important characteristic of a theory is that is has survived repeated attempts to falsify it. Contrary to your understanding, all available evidence confirms it. --Subbie

If evolution is shown to be false, it will be at the hands of things that are true, not made up. --percy

The reason that we have the scientific method is because common sense isn't reliable. -- Taq


This message is a reply to:
 Message 167 by AZPaul3, posted 01-25-2022 10:46 PM AZPaul3 has taken no action

  
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