Whatever number of waves was needed to completely wipe ancient Phoenician Tyre off the planet has come and gone and done the deed. Whatever number of waves was needed to completely wipe ancient Phoenician Tyre off the planet has come and gone and done the deed.
And the same is true for every other ancient city state, nation and empire in the world. Rome, Athens, Sparta, Carthage, Pharonic Egypt, the Aztecs, the Incas and so many more - they've all been and gone.
All that's physically left of any of them is ruins.
From Arrian's descriptions it is very clear that Alexander did not level the island fortress, in fact, he had Tyre rebuilt. Tyre remained an important trading and manufacturing center that was fought over by Alexander's immediate successors, the Ptolemies and the Seleucids.25
25 Patricia Bikai, Heritage of Tyre, p. 61.
This is a compelling reason to think Alexander didn't destroy the city.
Alexander laid siege to Tyre in 332 B.C.
There was another siege of Tyre - lasting over a year - starting in 314 B.C. during the Third Diadoch War.
If you want to believe that a city was leveled to the bed rock and was rebuilt within 18 years to the point where it could withstand a year long siege that's up to you. Personally I think it's an asinine idea.
Actually, I think the old fortress and city of Tyre was on that rock and did get destroyed. Of course, there is a city of Tyre, but my recollection from history is that the rocky area was where the king and everyone took refufe (city walls) and for a long time no one could penetrate the fortress but that someone came up with bright idea of building a land bridge out to it, and eventually conquered it so thoroughly, that it never came back.
Please substantiate your claims jar according to the rules. You suggested Alexander the Great did not really destroy Tyre. You offer no qualifications or elaboration, and I am calling your bluff. Back it up or retract it.
The accounts I have read are that the mainland of Tyre was first laid waste as it was used to help build the land-bridge, so much as that in some places it was scraped down to the rock as the Macedonians searched for material to load into the sea to fill it.
Then, when the fortress of Tyre fell, Alexander's army trampled it, killing thousands and selling thousands into slavery, and that the Pheonecian empire never recovered.
But you made your claim first. Please back it up, per the rules, or retract it.